11th Class English Chapter 01 Pakistan Zindabad

11th Class English OR 1st Year English Notes
Chapter 01 Pakistan Zindabad

Q:1:How was the Quaid-e-Azam greeted on 7th August, 1947 in Karachi?
Ans)A large warm-hearted and enthusiastic crowd welcomed Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah, the Founder of Pakistan and the first Governor General General of the country, at Maripur Airport, Karachi on 7 August 1947. The procession of the people that stretched from airport to the city was raising the slogans “Pakistan Zindabad” and “Quaid-Azam Zindabad”. The people of Karachi were grateful to the Father of the Nation and they gathered at the Maripur airport to give him a warm and historic reception. They wanted to pay the heartiest homage to the man who had won freedom for them and founded a new and separate homeland for them. he had changed their dream into reality, by virtue of his firm faith, determination, tireless struggle and wisdom. 

Q:2: What was the Quaid’s response to that warm welcome?
Ans)Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah did not show any warmth in response to the shouts of joys. Although, he waved his hands to participate in the merriment and joys of the excited people but he did not appear to be in high spirits. In fact, he was sad from the core of heart on that grand occasion.  
Q:3:What did people decide on 23rd March?
Ans)In a historic gathering at Minto Park Lahore, the Muslims of the subcontinent took epoch-making decision on 23rd March, 1940. They decided to acquire freedom from British rule to have a separation from the dominating rule of Hindu majority, to demand for provincial autonomy to turn down all the decisions, which fail to give the Muslims a separate homeland of their own. The incident was named as Pakistan Resolution. It is a land marked the history for our homeland. It was through this decision that the Muslims of the sub-continent put up the demand for a separate and independent homeland. 

Q:4:What in your opinion was the cause of the Quaid-e-Azam’s sadness?
Ans)In August 1947, whole of the subcontinent was echoing with the shouts and slogans of “Pakistan Zindabad”. The birth city of Quaid, Karachi, was the spearhead of that movement. However, the Quaid was seen in gloom and pathos. Probably, he was worried about the miserable plight of the people who were migrating from India to Pakistan. They had to cross the sea of blood to reach their new homeland. The price they paid for their liberty was quite high. 

Q:5:What did the Quaid-e-Azam do with his former enemies after the formation of Pakistan?
Ans)The Quaid-e-Azam believed the dictum ‘peace with all’. After partition, he raised the hand of friendship with his former enemies. For his futuristic vision, he stated, “…and yet the enemy of today is a friend of tomorrow”. His motto “Live and let others live” ascends him to the height of the messenger of peace. 

Q:6:What are the ideals of the Quaid-e-Azam regarding religious freedom for all?
Ans)Immediately after freedom, the Quaid-e-Azam assured all the people of Pakistan of their independence in letter and spirit. He stated, “You are free, you are free to go to your temples, mosques, or any other place of worship In this state of Pakistan” He assured them that all the people of Pakistan are equal citizens of this state without any discrimination of creed, caste, colour, and religion. 

Q:7: Why did Kashmir not join Pakistan? Or
What was the most serious blow to the Quaid-i-Azam soon before his death?

Ans)The forced and unjust separation of Kashmir from Pakistan was the most serious blow to the sick and frail Father of the Nation. He was on the death-bed. He was deeply shocked by the news that the Hindu Maharajah was taking the people away from Pakistan, forcibly and against their will and wish. In fact, the valley of Kashmir was an independent state. The fate of Kashmir had to be decided by the free will of the people. Without conducting plebiscite, the Indian aggression devoured a wide area of Kashmir. It all happened entirely against the aspirations and wishes of the people of Kashmir. Maharajah of the valley, Gulab Singh, supported Indian act. This was treacherous on his part that had put the people of Kashmir into the woods. The Quaid’s condition grew worse. He was sick, exhausted and helpless. He was not in a position to struggle for the liberation and protection of the people of Kashmir. 

Q:8:Why did the Muslims of India start Pakistan movement?
Ans)When the roots of British became weak in India, it delighted all without any difference. Sooner, with the dominating influence of Indian National Congress, the Muslims of India felt their freedom in danger. To the Muslims the departure of English government meant nothing but mere a change of masters. The Muslims began to demand a separate peace of land for a nation. 

Q:9:Why does the writer apply the word “terrible” to the first year of Pakistan’s history as an independent state?
Ans)The first year of Pakistan was the most critical time for the people of the newly created country. The writer calls it the terrible first year because it opened Pandora Box for all in so many ways. It included: * Historic migration * Large scale brutal killings * Rehabilitation of immigrants * Provision of basic necessities * New country, new flag, new capital, inexperienced administration, worse economy, and various explosive incidents brought terrific state of things to Pakistan.

Q:10:Write a few lines about the personality of Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah.
Ans) Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah is a man of par excellence. He is a man of so many virtues. He is a person of firm and resolute will. He is by far the strongest advocate of human rights for all. In politics, he never allowed duplicity and confronted his rivals quite in a frank and straightforward way. British rule collapsed and Congress supremacy decayed because of the leadership of him.

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