Skip to main content

The Role of Quaid-e-Azam

 The Role of Quaid-e-Azam

Prelude

The services and dynamic leadership of Quaid-e-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah in the Pakistan Movement need no introduction. In this movement, the personality of Quaid-e-Azam and his immense struggle made the tough pall of the foundation of Pakistan easy and finally, the Muslims of India were successful in reading their destination for which they underwent a long journey under the Quaid.

The Services of Quaid-e-Azam

1.    Politics

During his stay in London, Mohammad Ali Jinnah thoroughly studied the British Parliament. He also remained the private secretary of Dadabhoy Noorogi. He became the member of Indian National Congress in 1906 till 1909. Due to these activities his political understanding and his abilities in law had become a universal truth. Therefore, when the elections of Legislative council took place under Minto-Morley Reforms, so the Quaid-e-Azam become the member of Council from Bombay. This was Quaid-e-Azam’s first step in politics.

2.    Ambassador of Hindu Muslim Unity

Quaid-e-Azam was called the “Ambassador of Hindu Muslim Unity because he thought it was important for the independence of Sub Continent that there is complete unity among the Muslims and Hindus. In 1913, when he became the member of Muslim League, he made hectic efforts for this unity.

3.    Lucknow Pact

In 1916, the joint session of the Muslim League and Congress was held in Lucknow. On this historical occasion, an agreement was signed between the Muslims and Hindus leaders which could lay the  foundation of Hindu Muslim unity, this agreement is known as Lucknow Pact. The man who was behind this was Quaid-e-Azam.

4.    Quaid-e-Azam’s Fourteen Points

In 1928, Pundit Moti Lal Nehru, presented a report which turned down all the Muslims demand. On the reply of Nehru report, Quaid-e-Azam made a chart of minimum demands of Muslims and it was known as Quaid-e-Azam’s Fourteen Points.” This was the certainly the right answer to the Nehru report.

5.    Presidentship of Muslim League

In 1933, Quaid-e-Azam was elected as the permanent President of Muslim League due to which he permanently came back to India in October 1935 and remained busy in the reconstruction of Muslim League.

6.    Government of India Act (1935) and Elections of 1937

Quaid-e-Azam made some speeches in favour of Government of India Act (1935), due to which the British Government accepted this Act. According to Indian Act the provincial elections were scheduled in 1935. Quaid-e-Azam travelled throughout the country for the elections campaign so that he could unite the Muslims opinion but his efforts did not proved to be successful. The Muslims suffered defeat even in Muslim majority areas. However, Quaid-e-Azam remained hard as rock during these difficult times.

7.    Popularity of League and Jinnah

When the Muslims of majority provinces observed the rational attitude of the Congress, they tried to make the Muslim League effective and influential. Therefore, Punjab, Bengal and Sindh became near to Jinnah and the Muslims of these areas decided to work under the Muslim League.

8.    Pakistan Resolution

On 23rd March, 1940, the historical session of the Muslim League was held under the chairmanship of Mr. Jinnah at Minto Park, Lahore. At this historical occasion a resolution known as Pakistan Resolution was passed in which the Muslims demanded for the first separate independent homeland.

9.    Jinnah – Gandhi Talks (1944)

Gandhi held talks with Jinnah to discuss about the future of India, but no fruitful results came out of it because Gandhi did not accept Muslims as a separate nation.

Louis Feisher wrote:

“The wall between Jinnah and Gandhi was the Two Nation Theory.”

10.           Simla Conference - 1945

Lord Wavell called a conference at Simla. The conference failed to achieve any purpose due to one-sided attitude of Lord Wavell. In this conference, Quaid-e-Azam made it crystal clear that only the Muslim League can represent Muslims of India.

11.           General Elections – 1945 -1946

Elections for the central and provincial assemblies were held in 1945-1946 in which Muslim League won 30 seats of central legislative meant for Muslims and 430 seats out of 495 in the provincial legislative. Quaid-e-Azam said on this occasion:

“I have no doubt now in the acheivement of Pakistan. The Muslims of India told the world what they want. No power of world can topple the opinion of 10 crore Muslims of India.”

12.           Formation of Pakistan

On 14th August, 1947, Pakistan came into being as a separate self-governing Dominion and the Quaid-e-Azam became the first Governor General of Pakistan.

13.           Problems of Pakistan and Jinnah

The problems which the Quaid-e-Azam had to face as Governor General of Pakistan were not only due to the happenings in East Punjab, and to provide shelter for the millions of refugees. What immensely increased the difficulties of the new state was the fact that it had yet to organize itself.

Death of the Great Leader

It was due to immense hard work for the Muslims that his health failed. The great leader breathed his last on the 11th September 1948 and was buried at Karachi. His demise was mourned not only by Pakistan but by the whole world.

Comments

Popular posts from this blog

Free Download Notes XI & XII Commerce Notes & Book In Pdf

Free Download Notes XI & 1st Year Notes Download In Pdf XI Accounting Book  Economics Notes Pdf Free Download Urdu Notes for 1st Year (Class 11)  Another Urdu Notes For XI  Islamiat For XI  Principle Of Commerce 1st year XI POC Notes (Best) Server 01 XI POC ( Principle of Commerce ) Guess Paper Solved 2021 Free Download Notes  XII Commerce Notes & Book In Pdf XII Accounts Book With Solutions 2nd-year Urdu Notes Free Download Pdf XII English Notes Pdf 2nd Year English Notes Adam jee  2nd Year Commercial Geography  2nd Year Pak Studies Notes XII Pak Studies Notes In English Adam Jee XII Pak Studies Solved Paper XII Banking Notes (Shah Commerce) Another 2nd Year Banking Notes XII  CG Solved Papers Commerce Online Notes By Sir sultan hamid hussain (All credit goes to Sir Sultan) Server 01 Commercial Geography Notes In English By Sir Sultan Server 01 Commercial Geography Notes Notes In Urdu By Sir Sultan Server 01 XII Banking Notes Short Q

Questions And Answers The Count’s Revenge By J.H.Walsh

THE COUNT’S REVENGE (J.H.WALSH) Q: 1 What Arab custom is referred in the short play “The Count’s Revenge”? An Arab custom mentioned by the Countess of Morcerf to Albert and the Count of Morcerf when the count of Monte Cristo leaves their house without eating anything. The custom runs as “Never to eat food at the house of a deadly enemy”. She strongly believes that since the Count of Monte Cristo has a faith in that custom and thinks them to be his enemy, and hence not eat anything at their place.   Q: 2 What do you know about the reaction, plans or intention of Albert? Albert, the brave young son of the count of Morcerf, was deeply shocked by the disgrace of his father and family. As a man of honour, he showed severe emotional reaction to the unhappy incident. Albert made his mind to trace about the unknown enemy of his family and avenge the family honour. On his request, Beauchamp, a close friend of Albert, discovered the name of the enemy. It was Albert;s

English Essay Problems of Karachi

Problems of Karachi Karachi is the biggest city in Pakistan and one of the most thickly populated cities in the world. Its population has increased rapidly and accordingly has given rise to many social problems. People of this metropolis are becoming more and more concerned about solving these serious problems, some of which are discussed below. The ever-increasing rush of heavy traffic on the roads is resulting in heavy loss of human life. One day or the other, people suffer from accidents due to reckless driving. Some lose their vehicles and some go to the police. This is due to lack of civic sense in the citizens and violation of traffic rules. Traffic jams, road quarrels, untidiness and damage of public property are also the results of this problem. The government has not done any planning to control this situation in the past two decades. In the same manner, the government has never emphasized upon population distribution. As a result, slum areas are rapidly being built, wher

Short Questions Answers of The Prisoner of Zenda ~Drama Novel Prisoner of Zenda

 N OVEL Question 1)Tell in your own words how the first meeting came off between the two distant cousins? Answer) Rudolf leaves the inn one day as he is given an opportunity to stay at Jahan’s sister at Strelsau. Instead of going, he decides to walk through the forest and have a look at the castle of Zenda. He sits down in the forest to have some rest as well as smoke a cigar. After smoking his cigar, he unintentionally falls asleep. Shouts and sound of laughter wake him up. On opening his eyes, he sees two men standing near him. They are Fritz Von Tarlenheim and Colonel Sapt. They tell him that he looks exactly like their king except that he has a beard. At that moment King Rudolf appears. Rassendyll greatly surprises to see king Rudolf in the forest of Zenda. He gives a cry when he finds that Rudolf is just like him. Rudolf’s face and appearance are quite like his own. Rudolf’s height appears to be slightly less than his. Rassendyll bows respectfully before the king. In a happy m