Economics is the science of scarcity and choice. & Criticism Of Robbins Definition

Economics is the science of scarcity and choice. & Criticism Of Robbins Definition
Economics is the science of scarcity and choice. & Criticism Of Robbins Definition
Qno.1 Economics is the science of scarcity and choice. Elucidate.

Robbins Definition of Economics

Prof. Lionel Robbins gave his definition of economics in his book” Nature and significance of Economic Science” in the year 1932 .He defined economics as,” Economics is the science that studies human behavior as a relationship between ends and scarce means which have alternative uses.” Robbins definition is based on:

1. Multiplicity of wants.

2. Scarcity of means

In other words, Robbins definition says that:
1. The ends are unlimited,
2. The means to achieve those ends are limited, and
3. The means are capable of alternative uses. 

Trending topics 
Theory Of Comparative Cost Or Riparian Theory of comparative cost


Followings are some of the attributes of Robbins definition:

1. Multiplicity of Ends:
As a matter of fact, never comes to an end. They are always unlimited. As soon as one want is satisfied, another comes forward. Thus it is the un limitedness of a person wants that never stops him from working and keeps him engaged in the work of earning money for the satisfaction of his wants.

2. Scarcity of Means:
It refers to the limited resources due to which economic problems arise. But if the resources were unlimited, then consequently there would have no economic problems and all the wants would have been satisfied. But it should be noted that the means are scare with respect to their demand.

3. Selection / Urgency of Wants:
It is obvious that some of the wants are more urgent for us as compared to others. Naturally, we go to satisfy our urgent needs / wants first and then the remaining ones. If all the wants are same there would be no urgency to fulfill then and hence no economic problem would arise.

4. Alternative Uses:
According to the Robbins definition all the scars means are capable of alternative uses i.e. they can be put to a number of uses e.g. water can be used for drinking as well as for cooking. The main problem arises that where the utilization should be made first.

5. Human Science:

Robbins in his definition has broadened the scope of economics. According to him economics is the study of human behavior as a whole both within and outside the society. It does not restrict the subject matter within specific limits.

Robin’s definition also faces criticism from many economists. Some of the criticizing point’s areas follow:

1. Economics as a Positive Science:
According to Robins, economics discovers only the facts that give rise to certain problems and does not give suggestions as to how to deal with human behavior that varies from man to man and from time to time. So it is not a physical science, which deals with matter and energy and remains unchanged at any place. Economics is therefore not a physical science. It discovers causes / efforts and suggestions.

2. Human Touch Missing:

In Robbins definition the human touch is entirely missing. It does not take in to account the systematic thinking, human sympathy, imagination and the variety of human life.

4. Macro Concept:

Another criticism on Robbins definition is that it ignores the macro aspect. It has ignored the issues like employment, national income from its boundaries.

5. Does not Covers Economics of Growth:

The economic growth theory or economic development theory has been overlooked in Robbins definition. Economics of growth explains how an economy grows and the factors, which bring about an increase in national income and productivity of the economy. Robbins takes the resources as given and discusses only their allocation.

would you like to download Economics is the science of scarcity and choice. & Criticism Of Robbins Definition in pdf form
ager app yeh sabak download karna chahtey hai toh download server per click karey