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Distribution Of Iron And Steel Industry In the World

Qno 2 Give an account of the distribution of Iron and Steel Industry in the world?
Distribution Of Iron And Steel Industry In the World

Modern Role of Iron and Steel
We live essentially in an age of Iron and Steel. Because of its hardness and durability, because of the ease with which it can be cast worked in any desired shaped and because of its remarkable cheapness under modern method of a production iron is the most important and widely used metal in the service of man.

Iron is the most widely distributed metal. But whether it is profitable or not to exploit given iron deposit depends largely upon its richness, purity, size and location.

Probably 90 percent of world’s iron is now converted into steel. It is concentrated in 28 countries including America, India, China, Brazil, South Korea, Japan, Italy, Britain, Belgium, Ukraine, France and Canada.

The world distribution of Steel Industry is discussed in brief as under.

The history of steel in China is very old. China is leading iron ore producing country of Asia. The modern Blast Furnaces were established in 1980. Steel Industry in China is concentrated in three big centers. The steel industry area in North China in Anshan. The oldest steel factory is working in Manchuria. The third steel producing center is South China.

America has also an important position among iron ore producing countries. Although this country produces about 10% of world’s iron ore production, but due to heavy home consumption, it has to import a large amount of iron ore from other countries.

Japan has become one of the leading steel producers of the world. The first steel project was established in Japan at Yawata.

France occupies the distinctive position amongst the iron and steel producing countries but this position is being declined because the world demand of raw iron for the manufacturing industries is decreasing. In other words, the production of steel in France is decreasing gradually.

Germany, as a steel producing country, occupied third place at the Global level. Germany emerged as a very important steel producing country. There are many coal reserves in Germany.

The steel industry of Brazil showed more than 300 per cent increase in the production of steel after 1973. Since the local use of steel is very low. Brazil has the abundant quantity of steel in surplus to export.

Iron and steel industry is located in Africa. The important places for the production of iron and steel include Pretoria and Newcastle.

Canada is an important steel producing country of the world. There are two steel producing districts in Canada. Cape Breston and Sydney because abundant supply of water and iron ore of Newfound lands are available.


Under a system of economic planning the Russia iron and steel industry has considerably expanded within a rather short period of time. Since 1973 the country has been the world’s largest producer of iron and steel.


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