Poem 08 Incident Of A French Camp

INCIDENT OF A FRENCH CAMP (ROBERT BROWNING) 1812 - 1889

Q:1.Who were the two forces locked against one another in war?
The two forces locked against one another in war were French and German. 

Q:2.Under whose great command did the French army make the attack?
The French army was marching under the command of the great Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte. It attacked the German bordering town Ratisbon. 

Q:3.Where was he (the great commander) when the attack was made?
Napoleon was standing on a little mound about one mile away from the battlefield. He had very conflicting thoughts; thoughts of victory over Germans at the same time had a fear of losing. 

Q:4.Who brought to him the news about the outcome of the assault?
A young soldier, on horseback, bought to him the news of his victory. 

Q:5.Why did the messenger hold on the horse’s mane and keep his lips compressed when he stood before Napoleon?
When the messenger stood before Napoleon, he held on to the horse’s mane because he was severely wounded and needed something to hold on to. He kept his lips compressed to hold back moans or cries of pain. 

Q:6.What did the messenger give to his leader?
He gave the news of their victory to his leader and told him that he, himself, had placed their flag in the market place of Ratisbon. 

Q:7.What did Napoleon ask him?
When Napoleon saw the solider wounds, his eyes softened with sympathy for the young soldier, and he asked him with affection if he was injured badly. 

Q:8.What was his reply?
However, the solider was severely wounded but he wanted to give the news of their victory to the emperor himself. He paid no deed to his injury and accomplished the task successfully. The commander’s question reminded him of the injury, and he could no longer hold onto his courage. He gave up his struggle and said that he was dead. With these last words, he fell dead at the feet of his leader. 

Q:9.What does the compound noun “battery-smokes” mean?
It means the clouds of smoke that spread from the batteries of guns. 

Q:10.What does the compound noun “flag-bird” means?
It means Napoleon’s flag. France’s national emblem under Napoleon’s reign had an eagle on it. 

Q:11.What is meant by the term “to balance the prone brow”?
The term means “the forehead inclined right forward”. Napoleon was very anxious about the attack on Ratisbon. Every part of his body as well as movement bespoke of his worry. 

Q:12.What does the poet present the example of a mother eagle?
He presents the example of a mother eagle because Napoleon identified himself with an eagle (i-e why his flag bore an eagle) and considered his soldiers as eaglets. This relation between the leader and his soldiers tells us the intensity of love that Napoleon had for his soldiers. 

Q:13.What is the present name of Ratisbon?
The present name of Ratisbon is Regensburg. 

Q:14. Message of the poem
In this poem, Browning paints the picture of an incident of the French Camp, in dramatic version. He describes the heroic action of a wounded soldier, who’s heroic devotion to duty and his pride in it and inspiring and worthy of admiration. The poet has given a poetic amount of incidence that took place during the attack of French army on German City Ratisbon.
“A work of real merit wants favor at last.”


INCIDENT OF FRENCH CAMP 

Introduction of the Poet 
The poem The Incident of French Camp is composed by great English poet Robert  browning. The browning was extremely religious and because of his religious opinions,  he was excluded from university or public school. He was educated at home under a  private tutor, and spends his modest time in gathering the best literature in English,  French, Latin and Greek. 

Introduction of the Poem

This is subjective poem; the incident reported in this dramatic poem happened in 1809.  The poem for all its weaknesses is fast moving and exciting, the poem consisting of 35  lines of regular rhythm. 
Summary 
In this poem, Browning paints the picture of an incident of the French Camp, in  dramatic version. He describes the heroic action of a wounded soldier, who’s heroic  devotion to duty and his pride in it and inspiring and worthy of admiration. The poet has  given a poetic amount of incidence that took place during the attack of French army on  German City Ratisbon. 
During the attack of French army on Ratisbon, Napoleon was much worried about the  result. Germans were defending Ratisbon with great determination and coverage.  Napoleon’s future plan depends upon the result. Napoleon was not able to conquer  Germany and neighboring states. He was standing on mound near the battlefield  watching the war. 
All of sudden a rider appeared from the closed smoke and dust. Full galloping he  approached near the mound where Napoleon was standing. As the came closer Napoleon  notice that he was a young boy seriously wounded and not far from his death. As he  came near he jumped of the horse and gave happy news of victory. He exclaimed with joy  that French had conquered the Ratisbon and he himself has hoisted the flag of France  on German city with a little touch of pride in lie tone he informed Napoleon that he has  played an important role in the victory at the risk of his life. Actually he expected some  words of appreciation from his Emperor. 
“A work of real merit wants favor at last.” 


Multiple Choice Questions

 
1. “The poem incident of a French camp” is composed by______________. 
Robert Browning Tennyson Shelly Patmore 


2. Napoleon was the emperor of ______________. 
France Germany Italy England 


3. Ratisbon is in ______________. 
Russia France Germany America 


4. The modern name of Ratisbon is ______________. 
Regensburg Rajasthan Russia Ruratania


5. Napoleon was standing on the little ______________. 
Rock Mound Hill Mountain 


6. The rider came on the ______________ back. 
Donkey Horse Camel Name of them 


7. The rider kept his ______________compressed. 
Legs Lips Forehead Arms 


8. ______________birds is talked in the poem.
Sparrow Eagle Vulture Cuckoo 


9. Robert browning was born in ______________. 
1813 1812 1814 1851


10. The rider did not draw the ______________ until he reached the mound. 
Bridle Saddle Harness Whip 


11. Horse’s mane means ______________. 
Fur Short hair of horse Human being None of them 


12. Robert browning was died in ______________.  
1889 1890 1899 1900


QUESTIONS & ANSWERS


Q#1 Where is Ratisbon? And what its modern name? 
Ans. Ratisbon is in Bavario, Germany and its modern name is Regensburg. 

Q#2 Where was Napoleon standing and what was he thinking? 
Ans. Napoleon was standing on a little mound and two possibilities were revolving in  his mind. Napoleon was thinking about the fulfillment of the plan, only in the  condition when his army leader reached at the highest place otherwise his plan  would fail.  

Q#3 Who come on the horse and why did he keep his lip’s compressed? 
Ans. A young rider comes on the horse back in full galloping. He kept his lips  compressed together because was wounded from the chest, and he scared if he  would lose lips tightness so the blood will come through his mouth. 

Q#4 Explain lines “The chief’s eye flashed, but presently softened itself, as  sheathes? 
Ans. These lines shows the manifestation of joy and the mind emotions of the  Napoleon eyes flashed because his plan had succeeded but he became soft  when he saw wounded soldier. 

Q#5 Why was then a smile on the face of rider? 
Ans. There was a smile on the rider’s face because he did his duty bravely and he  got himself satisfy from what his commander ordered him. 

Q#6 Explain briefly, the film of eagle’s eye? 
Ans. Every creature loves his younger. The same case is also applicable on the  eagle’s eye. When an eagled takes it’s tranced breath in front of its mother  eagle. So, it is not tolerable for her. The same condition is hurled over Napoleon  at the time of soldier’s death. 

Q#7 What is the central Idea of the poem? 
Ans. The brave soldiers are ready to sacrifice his life for the sake of his country but  they will remember in the hearts forever. “Martyrs, never dies.” 

Q#8 What was Napoleon doing when his troops stormed Ratisbon? 
Ans: When the French troops stormed Ratisbon the leader of the forces, Napoleon,  was standing on a little mound. He was very much distressed and disheartened  fearing lest he should fail in getting his targets.

Q#9 What kind of person brought him the news that the assault had been  successful? 
Ans: A very young soldier of Napoleon’s army brought him the news of their  successful attack. 

Q#10 Why did the boy hold on to his horse’s mane and keep his lips compressed,  when he stood near Napoleon? 
Ans The young boy who brought the news of successful assault was dangerously  injured and continuous bleeding made him feeble that’s why he was holding the  mane of the horse. Still he did not want to show his weakness to his master. So  he was compressing his lips to tolerate the pain and ceasing the blood to flow  from the mouth. 

Q#11 Why did the boy contradict Napoleon’s words,” You are wounded”? 
Ans: The boy was although badly wounded but still he did not wish to reveal his  fragility to his commander so he contradicted the true reality, “You are wounded.” 

Q#12 What metaphors did the poet use in the 2nd last stanza of the poem? 
Ans: The poet metaphorically called Napoleon an eagle and the young boy, an eaglet, in  the fourth stanza. 

Q#13 Who was Napoleon and what was he thinking about? 
Ans: Napoleon was the emperor of France. Napoleon was thinking about the position of  the now, planning and the his failure. He was thinking that of his army leader  Lanes might waver the boundary wall of the enemies, his plan would fail. 

Q#14 What happened when Napoleon was standing on the mound? 
Ans: Napoleon was standing on the mound and was engaged in the deep thinking. He  saw a horse rider who came to him and stood himself erect by taking the support  of the horse man. Them he opened the good news of victory to him. 

Q#15 How did he open the news of victory before Napoleon? 
Ans: The rider was basically the soldier and they are known for their discipline. He  reached near Napoleon and stood himself great before Napoleon with the support  of horse’s mane. Even though he was wounded, he didn’t show his injury before  him and told him that his army has captured the city of Ratisbon and our flag  was waving on the high position. 

Q#16 Why was the rider happy after delivering the message? 
Ans: The rider was happy after delivering the message because he was satisfied to  himself and his duty. He had planted the flag and made Napoleon aware about  the news of victory. 

Q#17 What did the rider tell him about the position of the war? (2016) 
Ans: The rider came on the sores back at full galloped and told the emperor that by  the grace of god. We have conquered Ratisban and our Marshall is in the market  place and you will be visited there in no time to see your flag waving on the elevated  position. 

Q#18 How did the young soldier show his love for his country? (2019/2014/2013) 
Ans: The day when the French army stormed Ratisbon. The French emperor Napoleon Bonaparte was  standing on a mound and waiting for the outcome of the battle. He saw a rider full galloping coming near  to him. He was Napoleon’s solder and brought the news of victory of French over Germans. Napoleon was  pleased to listen this news but when he saw the soldier again he observed that he was badly injured and  shot in two. He came all through the city gate to the mound just for giving the news to his immense. This  incident shows the immense love of the soldier for his country.


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