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Poem 07 Abou Ben Adhem By James Henry Leigh Hunt


Q:1.What is the main idea of this poem?
Service to humanity is service to God. In the poem, ‘Abou Ben Adhem’, the poet, James Henry Leigh Hunt, expresses his ideas how to attain the status of greatness. One who cares and loves his fellow being is loved by God, as the highest status of worship is to love the creatures created by God. So, in order to accomplish greatness in the eyes of God we need to love our fellow being. God loves those who love their fellowman. 

Q:2.How does the poet show his love of God?
The poet shows his love of God by narrating the story of Abou Ben Adhem, a religious and pious man. By narrating the story, he tells the readers that if a man serves his fellowmen, he is blessed by God. 

Q:3.What was Abou doing in his room when the visitation took place?
He was enjoying a peaceful sleep in his room. 

Q:4.What awoke him from his slumber?
A very bright light awoke him from his slumber. When he woke up, he saw a presence in his room. The presence was surrounded by moonlight, and the light was emitting out of the presence, thus enriching the moonlight. 

Q:5.What was the stranger/angel doing?
It was writing something in a book of gold. 

Q:6.What imagery does Leigh Hunt use to describe the presence?
He describes the presence standing within the moonlight as a lily in full bloom. Leigh Hunt’s description creates a beautiful picture in the readers’ minds of a fully blossomed water lily surrounded by clear water of a lake. 

Q:7.What made Abou bold enough to address the strange presence in his room?
According to Leigh Hunt “exceeding peace made Ben Adhem bold”. I think, the peace of which Leigh hunt speaks of, is the peace, calmness and quietness of the dead of the night as well as the inner peace of a person who spends his life according to the God’s will. A person with inner peace is always content and fearless. It is due to this inner peace that Ben Adhem addressed a stranger boldly. 

Q:8.What did he ask the angel?
He asked the angle what it was writing. Later he asked if his name was in the list of those who love the God. 

Q:9.What did the angel say to his queries?
He said that he was writing the names of those who loved God. At another query, he said that his name was not in the list. 

Q:10.What did Abou ask the angle to do?
He requested the angle to write his name in the list of those who loved their fellowmen. 

Q:11.Did the angle comply?
Yes, the angle did what Abou asked him to do. It enlisted Abou’s name and vanished. 

Q:12. Briefly, write the happenings of the next night.
The next night the angle returned to Abou’s room. It had come to earth after a visit to God, so it was giving out much light than before. It showed Abou the list of those whom God had blessed for their service to humanity. Abou was happy to see his name on the top.


Introduction of the Poet 
James Henry Leigh Hunt was born in 1784. He was a religious man educated at Christ  Hospital. He then became the editor and writer of a newspaper called The Examiner. His  early poems are The Story of Remini and Endymion. The earliest poems he wrote were  published when he was in school. In English Literature, Leigh Hunt is known for his  achievements as an editor, a critic and an essayist and not so much as a poet. 

Introduction of the Poem 
Abou Ben Adhem is a poem with a religious concept. The poet has conveyed the ideas of  happiness, peace and love through easy and flowing rhymed couplets. 

Abou Ben Adhem was a religious person. One night when he was sleeping peacefully in  his room, a sparkling light woke him up. He found out that this bright light was due to  the presence of an angel who was writing something in a golden book. Being a pious  man, Abou was not afraid of the Angel and the silence in the room made him more  courageous. He asked the angel what he was writing in the book. The reply Abou heard  was that he was writing the names of all those people who love God. Abou asked the  angel curiously if his name was in the list. The angel replied was negative. He then  politely requested the angel to write his name as those people who love God’s fellow men.  The angle wrote and disappeared. The other night, it came again with a still glistening  light and displayed the names of people whom God had blessed. Abou Ben Adhem saw  that his name was on the top of the list and it led all the rest. 
This poem conducts the idea that we should love humanity and care for people. “To get love from God, love the board.” 

Multiple Choice Questions

1. The poem “Abou Ben Adhem” is composed by ____________. 
Leigh Hunt Sir Henry Wotton Walter Scott Thomas Campion 

2. The poem Abou Ben Adhem is ____________ poem. 
Romantic Religious Supernatural None of them 

3. Abou Ben Adhem was born at ____________. 
London America Sussex Essex 

4. Abou Ben Adhem was the son of ____________. 
Lawyer Farmer Clergyman Teacher 

5. Abou Ben Adhem saw ____________ in his room. 
Angle Lilly Moon Stars 

6. Abou Ben was the Editor of ____________ newspaper. 
Examiner Dawn Times News 

7. Abou Ben Adhem criticized on ____________ in his weekly newspaper. 
Prince Regent Prince Edward Henry James 

8. Abou Ben Adhem was born in ____________. 
1784 1795 1821 1822

9. Making it rich and like a ____________ in bloom. 
Lily Jasmine Violet Rose 

10. An angle was writing in the book of ____________. 
Silver Allah Gold 

11. Abou Ben Adhem love his ____________. 
God Fellow men Companion 

12. Leigh hunt was died in ____________.
1859 1860 1850 1855


Q#1 Explain briefly and simply how Abou Ben Adhem demonstrated his love of  God? 
Ans: Abou Ben Adhem, a very ascetic man, expressed his love to God by expressing  his love to mankind. He loved his fellow-beings to love God you need to love  your fellow men first. 

Q#2 What was the angel doing at first night in the room of Ben Adhem? 
Ans: When Ben Adhem awoke first night from a deep dream of peace he saw an  angel in his room, and writing some thing in a book of gold. 

Q#3 What did Ben Adhem request to the angel? 
Ans: He asked the angel to write his name as one who loves his fellow-men 

Q#4 Why was the name of Ben Adhem on the top of the last list, showed by the  angel? (2012/2018) 
Ans: The last list contained the names of those people whom had blessed His love  and affection. In that list the name of Abou Ben Adhem was on the top of the  list, because he loved his fellowmen, most, that’s why God loves him most. 

Q# 5 What is the message of the poem? 
Ans: The poet tries to convey the idea to us that a man can not have the love of God  unless he does not love his fellowmen. It means to love our lord we should love  our fellow being first, because what counts most in our lives is what we serve  for others. Only a life lived in the service to others is worth living. (Albert Einstein) 

Q#6 What is the motive behind the poem “Abou Ben Adhem”? 
Ans: This poem possesses the great message. The poet tells that the best way to  show our love God is to his creature. Because God loves these who love their  fellow men. 


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