Skip to main content

11th Class XI English Chapter 07 Science And Scientists


Q:1: What does a man in the street think of science?
A lay man has little and imperfect knowledge about the definition and concept of science. He has a very simple but raw idea in this regard. He thinks that only a few subjects or branches of study are included in science, such as Chemistry, Astronomy and Biology. 

Q:2: What is the difference between scientific and unscientific work?
Sometimes, a scientist gives his opinion about some book, project or process by calling it scientific or unscientific.
By declaring a work unscientific, he means to point out the following defects or flows in it.
* It is wrong, inexact and inaccurate.
* It is not in proper order and system.
* The result is derived without solid and sound evidence or proof.
* The result is influenced by the personal views or liking and disliking of the author.
It means the scientific work must be free from the defects or demerits mentioned above. A scientific work should possess the following qualities or merits.
* It should be correct, exact and accurate.
* It must have proper arrangement, order or system.
* The result must be based on solid and sound evidence.
* The result must be objective and unaffected by personal prejudiced. Its main aim should be discovery of facts.
Q:3. When and how did science begin to grow?
What were the factors which contributed to the growth of modern science?

The seventeenth century is regarded as the era of dawn of modern science. Before that time, people had no scientific attitude of mind and they tried to acquire knowledge in a random, irregular and improper sort of way. As a result, knowledge made little progress and insignificant advancement. People believed and accepted one another’s views. After that, the period of progress and knowledge began. There came a revolution in the thinking of people. They started searching for knowledge in a systematic way. They confirmed the facts by doing practical test or experiments. As a result, science began to make advancement at a fast pace. 

Q:4.What do you know by the following phrases?
The man in the street:
It means a lay man, ordinary man.
Jumping to conclusion:
It means to draw the result without proof.
Personal prejudices:
It means personal views or liking.
It means “a aim”, “a thing” and “to oppose or disapprove.”
It means something clear and simple.
It means a practical test to confirm facts.
Random sort of way:
It means irregular and improper manner.
It means physical proof or reasoning.


Popular posts from this blog

Free Download Notes XI & XII Commerce Notes & Book In Pdf

Free Download Notes XI & 1st Year Notes Download In Pdf XI Accounting Book  Economics Notes Pdf Free Download Urdu Notes for 1st Year (Class 11)  Another Urdu Notes For XI  Islamiat For XI  Principle Of Commerce 1st year XI POC Notes (Best) Server 01 XI POC ( Principle of Commerce ) Guess Paper Solved 2021 Free Download Notes  XII Commerce Notes & Book In Pdf XII Accounts Book With Solutions 2nd-year Urdu Notes Free Download Pdf XII English Notes Pdf 2nd Year English Notes Adam jee  2nd Year Commercial Geography  2nd Year Pak Studies Notes XII Pak Studies Notes In English Adam Jee XII Pak Studies Solved Paper XII Banking Notes (Shah Commerce) Another 2nd Year Banking Notes XII  CG Solved Papers Commerce Online Notes By Sir sultan hamid hussain (All credit goes to Sir Sultan) Server 01 Commercial Geography Notes In English By Sir Sultan Server 01 Commercial Geography Notes Notes In Urdu By Sir Sultan Server 01 XII Banking Notes Short Q

Questions And Answers The Count’s Revenge By J.H.Walsh

THE COUNT’S REVENGE (J.H.WALSH) Q: 1 What Arab custom is referred in the short play “The Count’s Revenge”? An Arab custom mentioned by the Countess of Morcerf to Albert and the Count of Morcerf when the count of Monte Cristo leaves their house without eating anything. The custom runs as “Never to eat food at the house of a deadly enemy”. She strongly believes that since the Count of Monte Cristo has a faith in that custom and thinks them to be his enemy, and hence not eat anything at their place.   Q: 2 What do you know about the reaction, plans or intention of Albert? Albert, the brave young son of the count of Morcerf, was deeply shocked by the disgrace of his father and family. As a man of honour, he showed severe emotional reaction to the unhappy incident. Albert made his mind to trace about the unknown enemy of his family and avenge the family honour. On his request, Beauchamp, a close friend of Albert, discovered the name of the enemy. It was Albert;s

English Essay Problems of Karachi

Problems of Karachi Karachi is the biggest city in Pakistan and one of the most thickly populated cities in the world. Its population has increased rapidly and accordingly has given rise to many social problems. People of this metropolis are becoming more and more concerned about solving these serious problems, some of which are discussed below. The ever-increasing rush of heavy traffic on the roads is resulting in heavy loss of human life. One day or the other, people suffer from accidents due to reckless driving. Some lose their vehicles and some go to the police. This is due to lack of civic sense in the citizens and violation of traffic rules. Traffic jams, road quarrels, untidiness and damage of public property are also the results of this problem. The government has not done any planning to control this situation in the past two decades. In the same manner, the government has never emphasized upon population distribution. As a result, slum areas are rapidly being built, wher

Short Questions Answers of The Prisoner of Zenda ~Drama Novel Prisoner of Zenda

 N OVEL Question 1)Tell in your own words how the first meeting came off between the two distant cousins? Answer) Rudolf leaves the inn one day as he is given an opportunity to stay at Jahan’s sister at Strelsau. Instead of going, he decides to walk through the forest and have a look at the castle of Zenda. He sits down in the forest to have some rest as well as smoke a cigar. After smoking his cigar, he unintentionally falls asleep. Shouts and sound of laughter wake him up. On opening his eyes, he sees two men standing near him. They are Fritz Von Tarlenheim and Colonel Sapt. They tell him that he looks exactly like their king except that he has a beard. At that moment King Rudolf appears. Rassendyll greatly surprises to see king Rudolf in the forest of Zenda. He gives a cry when he finds that Rudolf is just like him. Rudolf’s face and appearance are quite like his own. Rudolf’s height appears to be slightly less than his. Rassendyll bows respectfully before the king. In a happy m