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Poem 05 Sonnet Composed Upon The Westminster Bridge


Q:1.What is sonnet?
A sonnet is a poem of fourteen lines, each line having ten syllables with five beats. Usually the first eight lines are marked off from the last six by a change of rhyme and a shift in poet thought. The first stanza of eight lines is called “octave”, and the second stanza of six lines is called “the sestet”. English literature is extremely rich in this form. The form came from Italy in the sixteen century. Elizabethan poets like Shakespeare wrote many sonnets. Then in some of them are the finest sonnets in English literature. 

Q:2.What do we call the first eight lines of a sonnet?

Q:3.What do we call the last six lines of a sonnet?

Q:4.What is the idea, presented in the poem “upon Westminster Bridge”?
“A thing of beauty is a joy forever”, is the idea of the poem. The city of London in its quiet dignity and bathed in the early morning light became a source of joy and happiness for the poet. 

Q:5.Which place referred to in this poem?
The sonnet is composed upon Westminster B ridge, which is over river Thames. River Thames flows by London so the poem is about the city of London, the hub of England. 

Q:6.What was the view that inspired Wordsworth to write sonnet?
The city of London in its quiet dignity and bathed in the early morning light inspired the poet to write this poem. Wordsworth, being a romantic poet, was moved by the beautiful sight of the majestic buildings, such as the towers, the domes, the theatres, the temples etc surrounded by natural beauty, such as the rock, the valley, the hill, the river, all bathed in the early morning sun-light. The plat seemed unparalleled to him, so he said the words that earth did not have appreciating the beauty had a dull soul. 

Q:7.What did he feel as he witnessed the man-made beauty?
When he witnessed the fabricated beauty, he was moved. The beautiful sight of the majestic buildings, such as the towers, the dooms, the theatres, the temples etc. surrounded by natural beauty such as the rock, the valley, the hill, the river etc inspired him to compose this sonnet. The place seemed unparalleled to him, he felt greatly pleased and said that if a person passed by such captivating beauty without appreciating it then that person had a dull soul. 

Q:8.At what time of day did he see this view?
He saw the city early in the morning. The first splendor of the sun transformed everything in to something that had no parallel. It seemed that everything wore a garment of light. 

Q:9.Why did the grand structures of the city such as towers, domes, theaters and temples appear different to the poet?
All the appeared different to the poet because it was early morning, and the first splendor of the sun had transformed everything. The air was free of dust and smoke, and everything looked bright and glittering, which was an unusual sight during the day. It seemed that everything looked bright and glittering, which was an unusual sight during the day. It seemed that everything wore a garment of light. 

Q:10.What does the poet say about the river Thames?
He says that river Thames is flowing smoothly because it is happy to flow by such a beautiful city.

Q:11.What new thought comes into the poem with ninth line i-e “Never did sun more beautifully steep”?
With line nine, we find a shift in poet thought. In the octave (the first eight lines), the poet has talked about the city, though brightened up by the early morning sun but still in the city, the hills the rocks the rocks the valley and the river. He also talks about the pleasure he drove from the peace that prevailed in and around London. 

Q:12.What feeling is expressed in the last four lines of the sonnet?
In the last lines of the poem, the poet expresses the feeling of contentment. He is very satisfied and happy. His heart has taken its fill and now it is calm and pleased. 

Q:13.What quality in the scene appears to have impressed Wordsworth most when he came to write the last four lines?
The peacefulness of the city appears to have impressed him. For a city as big as London such calm and peace is an unusual thing. Being the capital of England, it is the administrative hub and thus the centre of activities; however, all these activities start much later in the day. It is this calm and peace of the city that makes its way to his heart. 

Q:14.What does the poet inter by the phrase “mighty heart”?
The poet uses the phrase “might heart” for the city of London. Being the capital of England, London is the administrative hub and thus the centre of activities. Message This sonnet praises the quiet and shimmering beauty of London in the light of an early morning. Throughout the poem Wordsworth uses personification to present the city and its houses and so on as humans, emphasizing the peace of tranquility of his view: 

Q15)This City now doth, like a garment, wear The beauty of the morning... 
The theme of this poem thus seems to be that cities can inspire similar feelings of "calm so deep" as Nature can, and in the final line, Wordsworth uses a paradox to present us with a final image of tranquility and silence: And all that mighty heart is lying still! Of course, hearts by their very nature never lie still, yet from his viewpoint, Wordsworth is able to imagine the "heart" of the country, London, "lying still" as he savors the peace and relaxation that the sight gives him..


Introduction of the Poet 

William Word Worth was born in 1770 at Cocker mouth in Lake District. He was  educated at Hawk shed Grammar School and then at St. John’s College, Cambridge. His  early poems reflect his love for natural beauty, which he expressed in a unique and  artificial style. Some of William’s poems are Lyrical Ballads, Poems in Two Volumes and  An Evening Walk. William Words Worth is also known for his achievements as a critic.  He was a great sonnet writer after Shakespeare. 

Introduction of the Poem 

William Wordsworth composed this poem on 3rd of September, 1802. He used to take  long tours on feet and try to pen-craft what he saw. In this poem, he is describing the  beauty of the London city at dawn. 


This wonderful poem is written by William Wordsworth , in this poem he describe the  morning beauty of the city once poet early in the morning went to Westminster bridge  from there he observed the beauty of city ,it was early in the morning so the sun was  rising up with its own beauty, the opening rays of sun were peeping out and touching  the hills and valleys, the whole city appeared to be wrapped in white dim light .the ships,  boats all were on the bank of the river so there has no disturbance in the river and was  no pollution in environment and were no clouds on the sky. It was looking that not only  people but even the houses of the city were sleeping because there was no voice or  disturbance in any direction the whole city was absorbed in complete silence it was a  charming season of nature. 

“Multiple Choice Questions” 

1. Sonnet composed upon the Westminster Bridge is written by ____________.  
Shelly Shakespeare John Keats William Wordsworth 

2. Sonnet composed upon the Westminster Bridge is published in ____________. 
Sep. 3,1802 Sep. 4, 1802 Sep. 1, 1802 July 1, 1802

3. The form of sonnet came from Italy in ____________. 
1600 1800 1500 1700

4. The first part of the sonnet is called____________. 
Sestet Octave Decade Hexane 

5. The 2nd put of the sonnet is called____________. 
Sestet Octave Decade Hexane 

6. Sonnet is the poem of ____________ lines.  
14 15 16 18

7. ____________ has not anything to show more fair. 
World Earth Sky God 

8. ____________ would he be of soul who could pass by. 
Dull Stiff Bright 

9. This city more doth, like a____________ wear.  
Garment Apparel Coat Gown 

10. Ships, towers, domes, theaters, and ____________lie. 
Church Temple Houses Cottages 

11. All bright and ____________ in the smokeless air. 
Twinkling Glittering Shinning None of them 

12. Never did sun more beautiful ____________. 
Steep Stiff Shine None of them 

13. The ____________ glideth at his own sweet will.  
Sea River Ocean Lake 

14. And all that ____________ is laying still. 
Capital Mighty heart London None of them 

15. ____________river is flowed below the Westminster Bridge. 
Ohio Mississippi Thames Ravi 


Q#1 What scene does William Wordsworth describe in this poem? 
Ans. William Wordsworth describes the beautiful scene of London at dawn. He asserts that London was giving the view of fairy land. There was complete silence and all  buildings were glittering in the smokeless air. The river Thames was flowing smoothly  & the inhabitants of the city were enjoying their slumbering deep. 

Q#2 What the message does William Wordsworth want to convey in this poem? 
Ans. William Wordsworth wants to convey that the beauty of London is presenting  the most beautiful silence. The city wears the beauty of the morning just like  garments and looks as the most beautiful scene on the earth. 

Q#3 What is a sonnet? What inspired Wordsworth to write ‘Sonnet composed upon  Westminster Bridge.’? (2014/2017) 

Ans: Sonnet is a type of English poem which was first originated in Italy. A sonnet contains  sixteen lines which are broken down into two stanzas. The first stanza which contains 8 lines is  called an octave which the 2nd stanza which contains 6 lines is called a sestet. Every line contains  ten syllables which are in iambic pentameter. The poet was very much inspired by the beautiful scenes of the morning at the  Westminster Bridge.  

Q#4 At what time of the day did he see this view? 
Ans: The poet saw the attractive views early in the morning when the sun made the  whole city of London dazzling and bright. 

Q#5 What new thoughts come into the poem with ninth line? 
Ans: With the 9TH line new thoughts of beauty, gloss & greatness come in to the poem. 

Q#6 What quality in the scene appears to have impressed Wordsworth most,  when he came to write the last four lines? 
Ans: The cool, calm, silent, soothing and decent atmosphere of the morning  impressed Wordsworth most when he came to compose last four lines.  

Q# 7 Whose soul is dull, according to William Wordsworth? 
Ans: According to William Wordsworth a person who is never impressed by the beauty of  the morning or one who neither admires nor appreciates these charming scenes of  London city is a person whose soul is dull & whose heart is stone- cold. 

Q#8 Who was William words worth and what he describes in the poem “Sonnet  composed upon the west mister bridge”? 
Ans: William words worth was the great poet of the Romanticism and he was the priest &  the prophet of nature. “William words worth expresses the serene beauty of the London  in the morning. He describes that the industrial city is free from pollution, all the building  towers, temples & ship was glittering & the complete silence prevail everywhere. He was  very much impresses by viewing this beautiful scene of London 

Q#9 Explain their lines into your own words. “Earth has not anything to show move  fair Dull would he be of soul who could pair by a sight so touching in his majesty”? 
Ans: In these lines William words worth pen crafts the picture of London city and his  people, who are the late sleepers. William worth is addressing the people to wake  up early in the morning and enjoy the beauty. William words worth seems to be much impressed to see the beauty of London city from the Westminster Bridge.  He says that London is the most beautiful city of the world. He examines that a  person who has a little aesthetic sense, could not pass without being impressed by the beauty of scene. A person who ignores such a wonderful scene must be a person of  dull soul. 

Q#10 What does the phrase “In the Smokeless Air” mean? 
Ans: The phrase “In the Smokeless Air” means that the air/atmosphere is free from  pollution because it is early in the morning & the industries were not working. 

Q#11 Why does word worth feel “calm so deep”? 
Ans: London is considered to be a hub of industries where the panic prevails every  time / any time. One morning words worth watched the city of London from the  Westminster Bridge. There was a complete silence.  

Q#12 What impression does William Wordsworth convey in the beautiful closing  lines of the sonnet? 
Ans: William words worth was surprised to see the London over the Westminster  Bridge. He addresses the God that the houses seem to be asleep and the capital  city of London is lying silent early in the morning.


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