Poem 05 Sonnet Composed Upon The Westminster Bridge

SONNET COMPOSED UPON THE WESTMINSTER BRIDGE WILLIAM WORDSWORTH) 1770 - 1850

Q:1.What is sonnet?
A sonnet is a poem of fourteen lines, each line having ten syllables with five beats. Usually the first eight lines are marked off from the last six by a change of rhyme and a shift in poet thought. The first stanza of eight lines is called “octave”, and the second stanza of six lines is called “the sestet”. English literature is extremely rich in this form. The form came from Italy in the sixteen century. Elizabethan poets like Shakespeare wrote many sonnets. Then in some of them are the finest sonnets in English literature. 

Q:2.What do we call the first eight lines of a sonnet?
“Octave”. 

Q:3.What do we call the last six lines of a sonnet?
“Sestet”. 

Q:4.What is the idea, presented in the poem “upon Westminster Bridge”?
“A thing of beauty is a joy forever”, is the idea of the poem. The city of London in its quiet dignity and bathed in the early morning light became a source of joy and happiness for the poet. 

Q:5.Which place referred to in this poem?
The sonnet is composed upon Westminster B ridge, which is over river Thames. River Thames flows by London so the poem is about the city of London, the hub of England. 

Q:6.What was the view that inspired Wordsworth to write sonnet?
The city of London in its quiet dignity and bathed in the early morning light inspired the poet to write this poem. Wordsworth, being a romantic poet, was moved by the beautiful sight of the majestic buildings, such as the towers, the domes, the theatres, the temples etc surrounded by natural beauty, such as the rock, the valley, the hill, the river, all bathed in the early morning sun-light. The plat seemed unparalleled to him, so he said the words that earth did not have appreciating the beauty had a dull soul. 

Q:7.What did he feel as he witnessed the man-made beauty?
When he witnessed the fabricated beauty, he was moved. The beautiful sight of the majestic buildings, such as the towers, the dooms, the theatres, the temples etc. surrounded by natural beauty such as the rock, the valley, the hill, the river etc inspired him to compose this sonnet. The place seemed unparalleled to him, he felt greatly pleased and said that if a person passed by such captivating beauty without appreciating it then that person had a dull soul. 

Q:8.At what time of day did he see this view?
He saw the city early in the morning. The first splendor of the sun transformed everything in to something that had no parallel. It seemed that everything wore a garment of light. 

Q:9.Why did the grand structures of the city such as towers, domes, theaters and temples appear different to the poet?
All the appeared different to the poet because it was early morning, and the first splendor of the sun had transformed everything. The air was free of dust and smoke, and everything looked bright and glittering, which was an unusual sight during the day. It seemed that everything looked bright and glittering, which was an unusual sight during the day. It seemed that everything wore a garment of light. 

Q:10.What does the poet say about the river Thames?
He says that river Thames is flowing smoothly because it is happy to flow by such a beautiful city.

Q:11.What new thought comes into the poem with ninth line i-e “Never did sun more beautifully steep”?
With line nine, we find a shift in poet thought. In the octave (the first eight lines), the poet has talked about the city, though brightened up by the early morning sun but still in the city, the hills the rocks the rocks the valley and the river. He also talks about the pleasure he drove from the peace that prevailed in and around London. 

Q:12.What feeling is expressed in the last four lines of the sonnet?
In the last lines of the poem, the poet expresses the feeling of contentment. He is very satisfied and happy. His heart has taken its fill and now it is calm and pleased. 

Q:13.What quality in the scene appears to have impressed Wordsworth most when he came to write the last four lines?
The peacefulness of the city appears to have impressed him. For a city as big as London such calm and peace is an unusual thing. Being the capital of England, it is the administrative hub and thus the centre of activities; however, all these activities start much later in the day. It is this calm and peace of the city that makes its way to his heart. 

Q:14.What does the poet inter by the phrase “mighty heart”?
The poet uses the phrase “might heart” for the city of London. Being the capital of England, London is the administrative hub and thus the centre of activities. Message This sonnet praises the quiet and shimmering beauty of London in the light of an early morning. Throughout the poem Wordsworth uses personification to present the city and its houses and so on as humans, emphasizing the peace of tranquility of his view: 


Q15)This City now doth, like a garment, wear The beauty of the morning... 
The theme of this poem thus seems to be that cities can inspire similar feelings of "calm so deep" as Nature can, and in the final line, Wordsworth uses a paradox to present us with a final image of tranquility and silence: And all that mighty heart is lying still! Of course, hearts by their very nature never lie still, yet from his viewpoint, Wordsworth is able to imagine the "heart" of the country, London, "lying still" as he savors the peace and relaxation that the sight gives him..

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